General Rules for hajj tamattu‘
For the hajj tamattu‘ to
be valid, there are certain conditions be fulfilled. They are as follows:
1)Intention, i.e. from the time of wearing iḥrām for ‘umrah oftamattu‘, he should intend to perform hajj tamattu‘; otherwise, his hajj is not in order;
2)Both ‘umrah and hajj
need to be performed in the months of hajj;
3)Both ‘umrah and hajj
need to be performed in the same year;
4)‘Umrah and hajj should be performed for one person and by one person. This
implies that a person who is performing hajj
on the behalf of a dead person needs to perform both ‘umrah and hajj himself. Hiring two individuals
to carry out the ‘umrah and hajj
separately is not permitted.
19: A person, whose duty is to perform hajj tamattu‘, cannot change it
on purpose and by choice to perform hajjifrād or qirān.
20: A person, whose duty is to perform hajj tamattu‘ but knows that
the time is too short to complete ‘umrah and join hajj, should
change his intention from hajj tamattu‘to hajj ifrād and
after completing the rites of hajj,
he should perform ‘umrah mufradah.
21: A woman, who wants to perform hajj tamattu‘ but is menstruating at the point of mīqāt,
should wear iḥrām for ‘umrah tamattu‘ at mīqāt if
she thinks she may be purified some time before hajj tamattu‘ and will have enough time to take ghusl,
perform all the deeds of ‘umrah tamattu‘, wear iḥrām for hajj tamattu‘, and reach ‘Arafāt
by 'noon' on the day of ‘Arafa.
if she becomes clean from menstruation and she has sufficient time for
performing deeds of ‘umrah and is able to reach ‘Arafāt by 'noon' on the
day of ‘Arafa, she should do so. In case, she does not become clean or does not
have sufficient time to perform the ‘umrah rituals and reach ‘Arafāt on
time, she should change his intention from ‘umrah tamattu‘ to hajj ifrād, with the same iḥrāmand then perform ‘umrah mufradah; this will compensate for hajj tamattu‘.
she is sure she will not become clean before the time for iḥrām of hajj
and going to ‘Arafāt on time or she will not have time to perform ‘umrahtamattu‘ rituals before going to ‘Arafāt on time, she should enter iḥrāmin mīqāt intending performing what is her real duty or iḥrām of hajj ifrād. After performing hajj ifrād rituals, she
perform ‘umrah mufradah and what she has done replaces hajj tamattu‘.
if a woman is clean in mīqāt but begins to menstruate on the way to
Mecca in state of iḥrām or before performing ṭawāf of ‘umrahand its prayer or during the course of ṭawāf before completion of
fourth round and is certain that she cannot be clean to perform ‘umrahdeeds and reach ‘Arafāt by 'noon' on the ninth of Dhul-Ḥijjah, she has two
a)She can change her intention from ‘umrah tamattu‘ to hajj ifrād and once hajj ifrād is done she should
perform ‘umrah mufradah. These acts replace hajj tamattu‘.
b)She postpones ṭawāf of ‘umrah and its prayer and by
performing sa‘y and taqsīr she exits iḥrām of ‘umrah.
Then she should wear iḥrām of hajj,
go and stay (wuqūf) in ‘Arafāt and Mash‘ar, and perform deeds in Minā and after returning to the
Holy city of Mecca, she should perform ṭawāf of tamattu‘and its
prayer as qaḍā’ — before performing ṭawāf of hajj and its prayer and sa‘yor after performing them. This act is a compensation for hajj tamattu‘ and nothing more
is obligatory for her.
she begins to menstruate after completing her fourth round of ṭawāf, she
should leave remaining rounds of ṭawāf and its prayer, perform sa‘yand taqsīr and come out of iḥrām of ‘umrah. After this, she
can stay in wuqūfs and perform rites in Minā, and upon return to Mecca, and
after performing ṭawāf and its prayer and sa‘y or before
performing all these rites, she should perform ṭawāf of ‘umrahand its prayer. This
act is a compensation for her hajjtamattu‘ and nothing more is obligatory upon her.
22: The details of rites and commandments of hajj will be mentioned in part three
and in several chapters.